|Reading 1||Response||Reading 2||Gospel|
|Is 60:1-6||Ps 72:1-2, 7-8, 10-11, 12-13||Eph 3:2-3a, 5-6||Mt 2:1-12|
Epiphany: the Gift is made present to all
Today the believing community celebrates the Epiphany. Epiphany means “shining upon” or “manifestation.” It is also called “little Christmas” or “Three King’s day,” and, in many places, it is the day Christians exchange gifts. Traditionally, Orthodox and Roman churches celebrate Epiphany on 6 January as the twelfth day of Christmas. The feast commemorates the magi’s (or “wise men”) visit to Jesus.
In the first reading the prophet Isaiah urges the Jews returning from Babylonian captivity to rebuild Jerusalem and Judah. He promises that God will restore the people and city to its former glory under David. God’s restoration draws “all nations” to Jerusalem. Foreign (gentile) kings will bring “gold and frankincense” as tribute and gifts. The Lectionary editors chose this reading to highlight the magi’s gifts in the gospel.
In the second reading from the Letter to the Ephesians, the author summarizes Paul’s mission and message: God’s kingdom includes all people–gentiles as well as the Jewish people. Together the Jews and gentiles are “co-heirs, co-members of the body of Christ (the ekklesia), and co-partners in the gospel promise.” All are invited into God’s kingdom. This reading highlights the gentiles’ role in recognizing the kingdom.
Matthew’s gospel recounts the magi’s visit, which further reveals Jesus’ identity:
- King of the Jews/Judeans. The magi are astrologers (early astronomers) who discern Jesus’ title based on naturally occurring celestial events (the star). They ask Herod, “Where can we find the king of the Judeans?” (Their question surprises Herod, because he rules the Jewish lands of Judea, Perea, and Galilee. That makes Herod king of the Judeans and king of the Jews, a title he wrangled from his Roman overlords. Matthew lets the magi’s question hang in the air as Herod spins his conspiracy theories about a potential rival.) Herod calls his Jewish priests and scribes and asks “What do you know about this?” They search Hebrew scripture and find the prophet Micah’s prophecy that the messiah will be born in Bethlehem. Matthew shows that both nature and scripture reveal Jesus’ identity to all who seek him.
- Worthy of homage. The magi come to “do him homage.” Here and throughout this passage, Matthew uses the Greek verb προσκυνέω (“prohs-koo-NEH-oh”), which means “to prostrate before” or “to worship.” Matthew shows that the gentile magi recognize that Jesus is worthy not only of human honor, but of divine worship.
- Gifts reveal Jesus’ destiny. The magi give Jesus not only honor and worship, they also give him symbolic gifts. Gold is an appropriate gift for a human ruler. Incense is a gift offered (burned) to honor a divinity. Myrrh is spice used as a salve and for embalming. Matthew shows that the gentile magi recognize Jesus’ kingship, his divinity, and his mission to suffer and die.
Marking the Christmas season’s end, Epiphany calls RCIA participants and the believing community to reflect on the incarnation’s meaning. God’s gift of God-made-flesh and God-with-us is given to us without any possibility of our repayment. The incarnation, like all sacraments, is God’s superabundant presence. Epiphany–manifestation–tells us that God is found everywhere (God’s kingdom is already here, open to all), God is worthy of our worship, and God’s giving-ness fuels us to give our own lives in service. What star do we follow? What king do we seek? What treasure do we offer?